A MODERN-DAY SANHEDRIN
IN THE Gospels we read of the
Sanhedrin (often translated as Council) – the supreme Jewish
“spiritual” tribunal headed by the chief priests and rabbis.
It wielded tremendous power, even
though subjugated to Rome. During the Temple times, the 71 members of the
Sanhedrin were seated in a semi-circle within a special chamber in the
courtyard of the Temple.
There hasn’t been a genuine Sanhedrin
in Israel for nearly 1,600 years; the last one to be proclaimed was in
France, by Napoleon, for political gain.
Shortly after the establishment of the
State of Israel in 1948, religious affairs minister Judah Leib Maimon raised
the notion of reinstituting the ancient body, to no avail.
In October 2004, a group of 71 rabbis
and scholars formed themselves into a new body that gave itself the name of
Sanhedrin. It is intended to be a duplicate of the religious tribunal
which convened during the time of the Second Temple. At present it stands in
opposition to the democratic government of Israel, and deplores the planned
withdrawal from Gaza and N Samaria.
The founders of the new Sanhedrin
stress that they have merely fulfilled a mandatory Biblical commandment
because of the Jewish presence in the Land. They maintain that the
12th century Torah scholar, Maimondes, has described the process for
restoring the Sanhedrin exactly, in his important works codifying Jewish
Leading rabbis maintain that only a
properly ordained Sanhedrin - a body of sages - can authenticate the Messiah
when he comes.
Although it may not be considered
legitimate by the secular government, the Sanhedrin will have quite an
influence due to the backing of many of the religious, and especially the
The Sanhedrin meets every month and
involves in issues such as the exact location of the original temple, the
rebuilding of the Temple, a restored monarchy, and the withdrawal from parts
of the Land.
Sanhedrin spokesman, Rabbi Chaim
Richman, said it was heartening to see that despite talk of withdrawal from
parts of the Land of Israel, and despite Prime Minister Sharon’s declaration
that Israel has “given up its dreams,” the Sanhedrin continues to move
toward strengthening the nation of Israel.
“As all these things happen all around
us,” he said, “the Sanhedrin is researching ways to renew the deepest roots
of our faith – to renew Temple service, reunite Jewish legal tradition and
inspire the Jewish people to aspire to greatness. Our people have one path
before us, and we will continue to march toward our destiny.”
Sanhedrin member Rabbi Yisrael Ariel
who is the founder of The Temple
Institute, and one of the
paratroopers who took part in the 1967 liberation of the Temple Mount, said:
“People today ask, ‘Who are we in this generation to even consider building
the Temple?’ But in this week’s Torah portion we see that the commandment to
build a Temple was given to Jews who had just sinned and committed idolatry
in the Sin of the Golden Calf. The fact is that what G-d requires in this
world is for regular people to do their best. That is what we are trying to
71 Jewish scholars who meet in the Old City of Jerusalem as a Sanhedrin,
have discussed the creation of a Jewish monarchy in the State of Israel. “A
coronation day is growing closer,” they say. For the past several years a
group called The Monarchists has conducted extensive research into
the lineage of several families in an effort to discover who has the closest
bloodline to the biblical King David – a requirement for any future Jewish
In the meantime, the Sanhedrin has
issued a declaration on the burning issue of Disengagement.
The declaration was published by The
Temple Institute on 8 March 05; and as it helps us understand this burning
issue in Israel, I think it is worthwhile to reproduce the declaration for
26 Adar 1, 5760
THE SANHEDRIN’s DECLARATION
Concerning the Disengagement
SINCE its meeting on 28th Shvat 5765,
the Sanhedrin has deliberated the initiative of the Prime Minister of
Israel, the decisions of the government, and legislation enacted by the
Knesset regarding the plan known as “The Disengagement,” henceforth referred
to in this document as “the uprooting.”
This plan involves the uprooting of
Jewish communities in the Gaza strip and northern Samaria, the forced
expulsion of Jews from their homes, and the willful transfer of these lands
to a foreign power.
Following an intensive study which
took place regarding the halachic (authentic Jewish law) questions
that arise from the government’s decision, the Sanhedrin hereby brings its
conclusions and decisions to the public’s attention.
1) The Prime Minister’s program of
uprooting stands in direct contradiction to the Torah of Israel.
2) The decision to implement the
uprooting will cause large numbers of Jews to transgress many of the Torah’s
commandments. This applies to many varied commandments, including both those
that are practiced between man and G-d, as well as those between man and his
fellow man, those that apply to the nation as a whole, and those that apply
to every individual.
3) The Government of Israel and the
Knesset, in their present form and power structure, do not constitute
institutions that have any authority according to halacha, and have
no power to render decisions that contradict the Torah of Israel.
4) Government ministers who have
deemed this plan of uprooting to be wrongful have been removed from their
positions, and likewise senior officials of the security establishment who
have expressed independent opinions about the matter have been ousted.
5) THEREFORE, the decision of
this government – which has also violated its promises to its own electorate
– is null and void.
6) THUS: No Jew is permitted to
cooperate with the program of uprooting, in any way whatsoever.
7) Any Jew – including a
soldier or policeman – who supports the uprooting, whether directly or
indirectly, whether by voting in its favor, or by giving council, or by
supplying vehicles or materials, and obviously, anyone who actively
participates in the uprooting... by so doing, transgresses a large number
of Torah commandments.
8) The uprooting of the residents of
the Gaza Strip and Samaria is a crime, and an injustice to the residents,
and places many other communities – in fact, all citizens of the
State of Israel – in mortal danger.
Jew who participates in, or cooperates with this plan, whether actively, or
even by merely remaining silent, transgresses the commandment “You shall not
stand idly by your neighbor’s blood
(Lev. 19:17),” and in the future will be judged by G-d for this sin.
10) The leaders and their agents
– including soldiers and policemen who support the uprooting and
participate in it – may be brought to bear personal responsibility
for all damages caused to those who are hurt, and to their property.
11) By this declaration, the
Sanhedrin, as the link of continuity of the Torah received by Moses at
Sinai, hereby expresses the stance of Israel’s Torah. For if, Heaven forbid,
the present government carries out this, or some other, program of uprooting
– this action has no validity. The Land of Israel is holy land, and all of
its regions belong exclusively to the nation of Israel, forever.
12) The Sanhedrin, as the
representative of the Jewish people throughout history, hereby affirms that
the Jewish people – regardless of this or that government – does
not relinquish, and is not entitled to relinquish, so much as the span of a
solitary man’s foot of the Land of Israel according to its Biblical
boundaries… for it is G-d’s land.
13) The commandment to “inherit and
(Deut. 12:29) in the Land of
Israel is obligatory upon every Israeli government. In this regard Israel is
commanded by G-d to conquer the entire expanse of the Land of Israel within
its Biblical boundaries, including the Gaza strip.
14) THEREFORE: Even if (Heaven
forbid) the residents are forcibly removed from their homes –
when the government changes, and a government in Israel arises that conducts
itself according to the Torah, the armies of Israel will return and
re-conquer this strip of land, to reinstate the people of Israel to their
rightful place. This applies not only to this area, but to all the expanses
of the Land of Israel that were stolen and are presently in foreign hands.
15) We are permeated with faith in the
G-d of the Legions of Israel, that the oath which He swore to our forefather
Abraham at the “Covenant Between the Halves” will be fulfilled precisely as
it is stated, and with G-d’s help, speedily – as it is written
day the L-rd made a covenant with Avram, saying, to your seed have I given
this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates river…”
ISRAELI JEWS WON’T GIVE UP WESTERN WALL
91% of the Jewish public in Israel
would be unwilling to give up Israeli control of the Western Wall in
exchange for peace, according to the results of a survey conducted by the
Dahaf Institute recently.
A representative sample of the Jewish
population was polled on whether, in exchange for a final real peace
agreement, Israel should …
a. transfer a number of sacred sites
to the Palestinians,
b. be prepared for joint control, or
3. keep the sites under sole Israeli
None of those polled said they would
agree to Palestinian control over the Western Wall, although 6% were willing
to see joint control.
With regard to the Temple Mount, 9% of
the public were in favour of transferring control to the Palestinians, 36%
favoured joint control, 51% wanted Israeli control only.
With regard to the Tomb of the
Patriarchs in Hebron, 13% were in favor of giving control to the
Palestinians, 33% for joint control, and 49% for sole Israeli control.
13% of those questioned said they
would agree for the Tomb of Rachel to be in Palestinian hands, 30% would opt
for joint control, and 53% wanted to see Israeli control only. -
EU AIMS TO BECOME GLOBAL
THE European Union has outlined plans
to become a military superpower and close the defence technology gap on the
The EU would develop unmanned drones,
new armoured vehicles and advanced communication systems, the British head
of the newly created European Defence Agency said.
EDA chief executive Nick Witney said
the 25-nation EU would establish a joint fighter-pilot training program and
co-ordinate the testing of military equipment. The initiatives represent the
EU’s first step in military research and development.
They are aimed at transforming the EU
from being a political power, in charge of policies such as agriculture and
trade, to a military one, capable of sending troops around the world to
enforce a foreign policy agreed by its member states.
Not all EU members are in favour of
the plan. Ireland and Sweden fear their traditional neutrality is being
threatened, and in Britain there is concern that the initiative will
undermine NATO and its close military relationship with the US.
Moves to turn Europe into a military
superpower will also increase concerns in Washington over the EU’s plans to
lift a 15-year-old arms embargo on China. President George W. Bush and
congressional leaders from both parties are presenting a united front in
opposition to the plan for renewed arms sales.
THE PEACE AND
UNITY THE NATIONS NEED
“See, how good and how pleasant it is for
brothers to dwell together in unity!”
Oh how good and pleasant it would be
if all nations dwelt together in unity! And one day “the redeemed of
the LORD” will – in the day when Y’shua the Messiah returns and reigns in
righteousness over all the earth.
“YHWH reigns; the earth is joyful. Many islands are rejoicing ... The
mountains have melted like wax at the Presence of YHWH, at the Presence of
the Master of the whole earth. The heavens have declared His righteousness,
and all the peoples have seen His glory.” (Psalm 97:1, 5-6)
“The kingdoms of the world have become the kingdom of YHWH our
LORD and of His Anointed – the Messiah; and He will reign for ever and
So there is a glorious day coming, but
until that day, there will be perilous times; nation will rise against
nation, and men will be brutal, despisers of good, lovers of money, and
treacherous. Evil men and impostors will go from bad to worse,
deceiving and being deceived.
(2 Timothy 3:1-4,
13. Luke 21:10)
My reader, those perilous times have
Of course, we occasionally get a
little good news, but it never seems to last long enough to dispel the gloom
caused by * rampant plagues and pestilences
and the * renegade environment. And
there’s * deteriorating social conditions,
* strife, violence, crime, crises, insurgency
and * blatant terrorism; there’s
* radicalism and widespread rebellion against
righteousness; there’s * spiritual apostasy,
and the * proliferation of authoritarian
vilification legislation (some of which has been justified by conditions
existing in a hostile society).
But what about the contamination of
land and water - the health-destroying *
physical pollution. And oh, the sinking feeling that grips us as we witness
the * deepening poverty, and the
* shaking economy and
* fiscal woes of our debt-laden world. And on top of all this there’s
the * apparent inability of leaders to find
satisfactory solutions to the host of problems afflicting the commonwealth
We need a Saviour - right now! But we
don’t find Him in the multitude of international organisations, or in the
smorgasbord of philosophical alternatives out there. We find Him in the Word
“I, even I, am YHWH; and apart from Me there
is no saviour.” (Isaiah
“Do not be afraid! I bring you good news of great joy that will be for all
the people; for today in the town of David, a Saviour has been born to you.
He is the Messiah, YHWH the LORD.”
This wonderful Saviour, Yahweh-Y’shua,
is now offering freedom to all who trust in Him:
“You will know the Truth, and the Truth will set you free ... If then the
Son makes you free, you will be free indeed.”
(John 8:32, 36)
And this same Saviour will soon appear
for those who are ...
“awaiting and looking for the blessed hope - the glorious appearing
of our great God and Saviour, Y’shua the Messiah; who gave Himself for us,
that He might redeem us from all lawlessness (all wickedness), and
purify for Himself a people who are uniquely His own; people zealous
to do good works.”
This is good news for believers.
“Beloved ... we know that when He appears, we shall be like Him, for
we shall see Him just as He is. And every one who has this hope fixed on
Him, purifies himself, just as He is pure.” (1 John 3:2-3)
ALSO IN THIS ISSUE OF MHG#22
#4 of REVIVAL Series
FOUR MAJOR HINDRANCES
link to REVIVAL BOOK ►►
Chapter 3 of Studies in the Book of Daniel
NEBUCHADNEZZAR’S GOLD IMAGE,
AND THE FIERY
link to DANIEL BOOK